Color blindness is a complicated topic. It is a medical condition arising from faulty cone cells in the retina of eyes, making it impossible to perceive colors and differentiate between them. There is currently no cure for this condition, but it can be controlled with contact lenses and sunglasses. Other names used for this condition include:


  • Dyschromatopsia
  • Color vision deficiency
  • Defective color vision


Most often, color blindness runs in families. The good thing is, it does not endanger one’s life in any way and many people get used to living with it.


What Are the Types of Color Blindness?


While color blindness can occur with any color, the most common are red and green color blindness. People with this type of color blindness cannot differentiate between red and green. The second most common is blue and yellow. These people cannot tell blue and yellow apart. Finally, some people can experience complete color blindiness where they cannot perceive any color. However, this is a rare condition.


Common Symptoms of Color Blindness


Obviously, the basic symptom of this condition is inability to recognize a color. Color blind people can have problems seeing:


  • The difference between colors
  • Different color shades
  • Brightness of the color
  • Dullness of the color


Most conditions have mild, unnoticeable symptoms. There are instances when people who are color blind do not even know it. The reason for this is that they are used to seeing things as they are and since they have never seen these colors, they do not find it abnormal.


What Are the Causes of Color Blindness?


As mentioned above, color blindness is caused by faulty cone cells. It is carried in genes and is a familial condition. It can also be due to other causes like trauma to the eyes, aging, or other disease. As a result, the person cannot see a range of colors.  It can also occur due to damage to the brain. With age, color blindness worsens, especially with cataracts.


How is Color Blindness Diagnosed?


To diagnose color blindness, you’ll undergo a simple test. Once completed, your eye specialist can easily tell if you have color blindness. One test requires you to look at different pictures. Each image has a dot corresponding to a specific color or a number shaped in color. A normal sighted person will easily tell colors but a color blind person will miss out on the number shaped colors which will help you diagnose the problem.


What Is the Treatment for Color Blindness?


There is no cure available for color blindness yet. However, people can adjust their lives around it. If a child is color blind, they can learn changes and how to differentiate colors by some common activities in school and at home. An adult might not be able to perform certain jobs due to color blindness like flying a plane, graphic designing, or art.


If the color blindness is caused by another reason apart from genetics, it might be treatable with medicines. For example, if it is caused by an eye injury, treating the injured eye may fix the problem and possibly bring back your perception if  you have a complete recovery.


Contact Your Local Opthalamologist to Schedule Your Eye Appointment


Do you struggle with color blindness? Contact a trusted Palmdale eye doctor to schedule an appointment.

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