People have constant access to clean and healthy water from a shared municipal water system in most urban and suburban areas. However, many people in rural areas have to rely on wells for their water supply.
One of the essential components of your well is the pump. A well pump is defined as an electromechanical piece of equipment installed after drilling or digging a well. As evident from the name, the purpose of a well pump is to pump the water from a well into your house. Water is pushed from the well through a jet or a pipe with the help of an electric motor.
Let’s discuss everything you need to know about how a well pump works.
How Does a Well Pump Work?
The primary purpose of your well pump is to extract fresh water from your well and bring it to the desired location that’s calling for it. A well pump works by pushing the water from your well into a storage tank, which will store the water until you need it. When the motor switches on, it will draw water into the pump, which will then push it to the surface into a pressure tank.
Pumping the water into this pressure tank causes its air pressure to increase until it reaches a specific preset level that usually ranges from 40 to 60 psi. When you turn a faucet on in your house, the water is pushed through your plumbing by the force of the lowered air pressure in the tank. Once the air pressure drops down to the lowest psi, the pump will turn back on again, and it will drive more water into the storage tank.
Types of Well Pumps
There are several different types of well pumps, so you’ll need to choose one that fits your specific needs. The most types of well pumps that are usually used by people in rural areas are:
Shallow Well Pumps
Shallow well pumps are used in situations where the well is located less than 25 feet below ground. This is considered to be the most inexpensive option, as it has very few parts. This means easy installation and requires minimal maintenance.
Deep Well Jet Pump
Deep well jet pumps are made for situations where the depth of the well is more than 25 feet. Deep well jet pumps are submerged deeper inside the well, making sure that the water reaches where it needs to go, and there is a good flow. A deep well pump uses two pipes, one is to extract water up, and the other one is to push the water into the plumbing system.
Deep Well Submersible Pump
Deep well submersible pumps are located below the ground and are completely submerged in water. They work by pushing water to the surface. A good thing about deep well submersible pumps is that they are located below the ground, so they do not face problems that traditional well pumps do. These pumps have a lifespan of over 25 years. However, maintenance is essential to ensure longevity and avoid costly repairs.
Hire a Professional and Licensed Plumbing Company for Your Residential Needs
It’s crucial to hire a professional if you need work done on your residential plumbing system. Contact your local Riverside plumber to schedule an appointment for fast and affordable service.